Posts Tagged ‘Gerard Encausse’

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Papus Tarot

August 13, 2009

Designer(s), Artist(s): Papus (Gerard Encausse), Gabriel Goulinat, Etteilla, Oliver Stephane
Country of Publication: U.S.A.
Number of Cards: 78
Publication Year: 1982
Publication Status: Out-of-Print
Reference: Encyclopedia of Tarot, vol. III, pp. 618-619

Description:
Noteworthy and influential tarot by 19th century occultist Gerard Encausse, a.k.a. Papus. The major arcana designs were rendered by Gabriel Goulinat, and originally published in Papus’ landmark work, Le Tarot des Bohemiens. The designs of the minor arcana were based on the interpretations of the 18th century occultist Etteilla, and were later published along with Papus’ major arcana illustrations in his book Le Tarot Divinatoire. The first publication of the Papus cards in deck form came in 1981, with Papus’ designs modified and rerenderd by Oliver Stephane. The cards were subsequently republished by U.S. Games Systems in 1982.

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Papus Gerard Encausse

July 29, 2009

papus

Gérard Encausse, usually known by his pseudonym “Papus,” was a Spanish-born French physician, hypnotist, and popularizer of occultism.

Encausse’s pseudonym “Papus” was taken from Lévi’s “Nuctemeron of Apollonius of Tyana” and means “physician.” Papus is primarily remembered as an author of books on magic, Qabalah and the Tarot, and as a prominent figure in the various occultist organizations and Parisian spiritualist and literary circles of the late 19th and early 20th centuries e.v. He was born at La Coruña in Spain on July 13, 1865, of a Spanish mother and a French father, Louis Encausse, a chemist. His family moved to Paris when he was four years old, and he received his education there. As a young man, Encausse spent a great deal of time at the Bibliothèque Nationale studying the Qabalah, the Tarot, the sciences of magic and alchemy, and the writings of Eliphas Lévi. He joined the French Theosophical Society shortly after it was founded by Madame Blavatsky in 1884-85, but he resigned shortly after joining because he disliked the Theosophical Society’s emphasis on Eastern occultism.

Despite his heavy involvement in occultism and occultist groups, Encausse managed to find time to pursue more conventional academic studies at the University of Paris. He received his Doctor of Medicine degree in 1894 upon submital of a dissertation on Philosophical Anatomy. He opened a clinic in the Rue Rodin which was quite successful.

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